CCC Index 2023


The 2023 Capacity to Combat Corruption Index

The fifth edition of AS/COA and Control Risks’ CCC Index explores 15 Latin American countries’ ability to detect, punish, and prevent corruption.

The 2023 edition of the Capacity to Combat Corruption (CCC) Index reflects an anti-corruption environment under pressure across Latin America. With democracies and critical institutions under duress in many countries, the Index registered a decline in the regional average score for the first time since 2020. Scores fell to varying degrees in 10 of the 15 countries studied.

Two of the 15 countries, Guatemala and Venezuela, saw significant declines in their scores in 2023, and one country, Panama, saw a material improvement. Guatemala and Mexico are the only two countries whose overall scores have decreased every year since the Index was released in 2019.

The fifth edition of the CCC Index covers 15 countries, which together represent 96 percent of Latin America’s GDP. Rather than measuring perceived levels of corruption, the CCC Index evaluates and ranks countries based on how effectively they can combat corruption. Countries with a higher score are deemed more likely to see corrupt actors prosecuted and punished.


Read the report

The ranking is:

  • Uruguay (6.99 out of 10) 
  • Costa Rica (6.76) 
  • Chile (6.67) 
  • Peru (5.53) 
  • Dominican Republic (5.42) 
  • Panama (5.39) 
  • Argentina (5.07) 
  • Brazil (4.83) 
  • Colombia (4.78) 
  • Ecuador (4.68) 
  • Paraguay (4.61) 
  • Mexico (3.87) 
  • Guatemala (2.86) 
  • Bolivia (2.56) 
  • Venezuela (1.46)

The CCC Index is data-driven analytical tool that looks at 14 key variables, including the independence of judicial institutions, the strength of investigative journalism, and the level of resources available for combating white collar crime. These variables are divided in three categories: legal capacity, democracy and political institutions, and civil society and media. Countries’ overall scores are a weighted aggregate of these three categories.

The Index relies on extensive data and on a proprietary survey conducted among leading anti-corruption experts from Control Risks, academia, civil society, media, and the private sector.

You can check out the 2019, 2020, 2021, and 2022 reports as well.

AS/COA’s Anti-Corruption Working Group (AWG) is an action-oriented network focused on producing concrete results and contributing to the reduction of corruption in Latin America. The AWG navigates Latin America’s evolving anti-corruption movement by convening the region’s top corruption fighters and corporate leaders who are determined to see the historic crackdown on graft continue.

For media inquiries or to speak with an expert on this topic, please contact Claudia Torrens at