How Biden Can Change Bolsonaro’s Mind on the Amazon

By Oliver Stuenkel

Biden can learn important lessons from Europe's failure to coax Brazil into moderating its environmental policies.

SÃO PAULO - When US President-elect Joe Biden suggested, during a presidential debate in September, that the US offer Brazil $20 billion to end deforestation in the Amazon, he mentioned unspecified economic consequences if President Jair Bolsonaro refused Bolsonaro reacted angrily, replying in an all-caps tweet that “OUR SOVEREIGNTY IS NON NEGOTIABLE,” and that Brazil would not accept “bribes” or “baseless threats”  Bolsonaro's frantic reaction was unsurprising Over the past two years, neither France's more aggressive approach nor Germany's or Norway's decisions to...

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