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Resource Guide to the Crisis in Honduras

June 29, 2009

Updated July 27, 2009 - The coup in Honduras earned international condemnation even as the country's government named an interim president. In an effort to deliver the latest on the crisis in Honduras, AS/COA Online offers a collection of links to primary sources, news coverage, and multimedia content.

AS/COA Coverage:

Primary sources:

Statements/reactions by multilateral bodies:

  • ALBA: Statement released by leaders of the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA) after a 6/28 emergency meeting in Managua. The ALBA leaders announced intentions to withdraw their envoys from Honduras as a result of the coup. Present at the emergency meeting: Manuel Zelaya of Honduras, Hugo Chávez of Venezuela, Evo Morales of Bolivia, Rafael Correa of Ecuador, Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua, and Bruno Rodriguez (foreign minister) of Cuba.
  • CIDH/IACHR: The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights statement condemning removal of Zelaya.
  • COHEP: Statement by the Honduran Private Business Council supporting the expulsion of Zelaya for violating the country's Constitution.
  • EU: European Commissioner for External Relations and Neighborhood Policy Benita Ferrero-Waldner statement urges involved parties to “promptly engage in a dialogue, in the interest of peace and stability in Honduras.”
  • EU: Videos of European Union briefing in which EU Commission Spokesperson for External Relations Christiane Hohmann reading Ferrero-Waldner’s statement and an EU update.
  • Grupo de Río: A release by Mexico’s foreign relations secretariat says the Grupo de Río/Rio Group rejects the coup and “considers the rupture of constitutional order inadmissible and unacceptable.”
  • Interpol: Despite reports that the interim government had called on Interpol to arrest Zelaya, the agency denied receiving an international wanted person's notice for him.
  • Mercosur: President of Paraguay and current head of Mercosur Fernando Lugo announces condemnation of the coup by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
  • OAS: Organization of American States (OAS) condemns coup, urges reinstatement of President Manuel Zelaya, calls ministerial meeting. (English / español)
  • OAS: Statement of OAS Secretary-General José Miguel Insulza condemning the coup. (English / español)
  • OAS: Video of Special OAS Session on honduran coup
  • OAS: OAS document released on June 26 expressing concern about potential crisis in Honduras. (English / español)
  • OAS: OAS resolution released June 28 condemning coup and calling for the the restoration of Zelaya. (English / español) Also, video of the resolution read at OAS meeting.
  • OAS: OAS resolution released July 1 demanding that the interim government restore Zelaya to the presidential post within 72 hours or face expulsion from the agency.
  • OAS: Secretary-General José Miguel Insulza visits Honduras 7/3 to negotiate Zelaya's return. Supreme Court refuses, then interim government renounces OAS. Insulza says the interim government has no legal bearing as the OAS only recognizes the government of Zelaya.
  • OAS: The agency suspends Honduras membership July 5 after the interim government refuses to reinstate Zelaya. (English / español)
  • SICA: After an emergency meeting of the Central American Integration System (SICA) in Managua on June 29, Guatemalan President Álvaro Colom says SICA leaders should support reinstatement of Zelaya. SICA leaders, along with Mexico, announced intentions of withdrawing ambassadors from Honduras until Zelaya's reinstatement.
  • UN: A Resolution adopted on June 30 by the UN General Assembly recognizes Zelaya as legitimate president and rejecting the new government of Honduras.
  • UN: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon statement “urges the reinstatement of the democratically elected representatives.”

Governments around the world react:

  • Argentina: President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner expresses concern for the situation in Honduras.
  • Brazil: On his show "Café com o Presidente,” President Inácio Luiz Lula da Silva calls the coup an “attack on democracy.”  (audio, em portugues)
  • Chile: President Michelle Bachelet, who also serves as the current president of UNASUR, rejects the “institutional rupture” that took place in Honduras.
  • Cuba: Former leader of Cuba Fidel Castro reports and reflects on the coup in his Granma column.
  • Ecuador: In Managua, President Rafael Correa condemned coup and called on Hondurans to protest the overthrow. (audio, en español)
  • El Salvador: New President Mauricio Funes rejects coup and calls for respect for human rights.
  • Guatemala: The government of Guatemala released a six-point declaration condemning the coup.
  • Mexico: The government expresses its deep concern over the crisis in Honduras.
  • Mexico: The Secretariat of Foreign Relations announced that, in the early hours of June 29, Mexico welcomed Honduran Minister of Foreign Relations Isabel Rodas and guaranteed her personal safety.
  • Panama: Outgoing President Martín Torrijos condemns the coup.
  • Spain: Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero’s condemnation of the arrest and expulsion of Zelaya.
  • United States: President Barack Obama described the overthrow of Zelaya as "not legal" during a press briefing coinciding with President Barack Obama's 6/29 meeting with Colombian President Álvaro Uribe. Obama also said Zelaya remains the true president of Honduras.
  • United States: President Obama 6/28 statement: “I am deeply concerned by reports coming out of Honduras regarding the detention and expulsion of President Mel Zelaya.”
  • United States: In 6/29 press briefing, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton talks with reporters about Washington's reaction to situation in Honduras and says it has "evolved into a coup." (Video)
  • United States: 6/28 Statement by Secretary Clinton calls “on all parties in Honduras to respect the constitutional order and the rule of law.”
  • United States: U.S. State Department 6/28 background briefing on the situation in Honduras. Senior-level officials say that, in lead-up to crisis, they worked to avert coup.
  • United States: U.S. State Department 7/1 background briefing, saying both U.S. president and state secretary have termed overthrow in Honduras a coup.
  • United States: After meeting with Zelaya on 7/7, Clinton confirms that Costa Rican President Óscar Arias has agreed to mediate between the two sides.
  • United States: July 8 letter from 17 Republican Senators to U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, opposing U.S. support of Zelaya
  • United States: Secretary Clinton’s description of Zelaya’s return as “reckless.”
  • United States: During the weekend of July 24, a delegation of Republican lawmakers led by Rep Connie Mack (R-FL) travels to Honduras to meet with the interim government in a show of support for the de facto leaders.
  • Venezuela: President Hugo Chávez rejected the coup and says the “Yankee empire has much to do” with it.

Interviews, op-eds, and news coverage:

  • Images of an overthrow, published by Honduran paper El Heraldo.
  • El País interview with President Manuel Zelaya in days leading up to coup. In it, Zelaya talks about whether he intended to seek reelection and his strong relations with both Washington and Caracas.
  • Interview with Zelaya in his Costa Rican hotel room where he says he “would have preferred to be killed me than to sign a letter” of resignation.
  • Wall Street Journal op-ed by Micheletti in which he says defends the overthrow of Zelaya's as a triumph for the rule of law.
  • Costa Rica’s La Nación uses CoverItLive to deliver breaking news about the situation in Honduras, including international reaction and actions taken by the interim government. The coverage also includes reader comments and debate.
  • gives the crisis its "Big Picture" treatment, with large images of what's happening on the ground.
  • Telesur footage of Zelaya’s brief July 24 return to Honduras.

Around the blogosphere/Twitter