A gas pipeline in Bolivia

(AP Photo)


How Latin America Can Maximize Its Shale Gas Potential

By Eric Farnsworth

Creating regulations and establishing a regional partnership can help the region develop its reserves, writes COA’s Eric Farnsworth for World Politics Review.

Shale gas is revolutionizing the world’s energy landscape. Seemingly overnight, supplies have increased dramatically due to technological advances, including hydraulic fracturing—known as fracking—and horizontal drilling. A world accustomed to energy scarcity and declining supplies is rapidly readjusting to abundance, at just the time when concerns about global climate change and the desire to identify cleaner, relatively inexpensive fuel sources intensify. These conditions and the impressive size of proven reserves within the Western Hemisphere in particular provide the Americas with an enviable opportunity for leadership in global shale gas.   

The United States, Argentina, Canada, Mexico and Brazil all rank within the top ten countries in terms of technically recoverable shale gas reserves, making up approximately 40 percent of the world’s total supply. With the possible exception of Colombia, which also has significant shale gas potential—but whose government is actively engaged in peace negotiations to end some 50 years of guerrilla conflict—the Americas also offer a stronger security environment for exploration and production compared to other gas-producing regions like North Africa and the Middle East....

Read the full article in World Politics Review.