A New Reality for the MAS in Bolivia

By Thomas Graham

Once hegemonic, the ruling party is now merely dominant. Here's what that means for the country's politics.

LA PAZ — The layers of graffiti on the walls of La Paz, Bolivia tell the story of the last few years. When the Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS) party returned to power in a landslide election victory in October 2020—bringing the country out of a period of crisis in the process—triumphant messages were sprayed across the city: “We’re the majority”; “We’re the people”; “Respect the wiphala”, referring to the flag of Bolivia’s Indigenous peoples and its dual national flag. But more recently, a different message has appeared: “Estamos saliendo adelante," or "We’re...

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