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Haiti Update: Preliminary Election Results Indicate Runoff

Jovenel Moïse waves to supporters in Port-au-Prince on November 5. (Image: AP)

November 06, 2015

Haiti is set to hold its presidential runoff December 27—that is, if the runner-up doesn't drop out.
In Haiti's Oct 25 presidential vote, there were about 3 monitors to every 5 voters, which is raising concerns.

Preliminary results for Haiti’s October 25 presidential elections are in and suggest a runoff will take place on December 27. The Provisional Electoral Council (CEP) released a tally of the first round of the presidential vote on November 5, giving 32.8 percent of the votes to the governing party’s Jovenel Moïse, with Jude Célestin of the Alternative League for Progress and Haitian Emancipation party (LAPEH) trailing behind with approximately 25.3 percent of ballots.

But result controversies abound, beginning with the fact that only seven of the CEP’s nine members signed off on the preliminary results. As such, an appeals process will follow, with certified results due to come out by the end of November.

For Célestin, it’s a déjà vu scenario going back to his candidacy for president in 2011. At the time he ran with the Unity Party, and preliminary results put him ahead of current President Michel Martelly, but Célestin dropped out of the race when the Organization of American States contested the results.

Célestin is also threatening to drop out this time around, claiming that votes were fraudulently cast in favor of Moïse, who represents the Haitian Tèt Kale Party (PHTK).

Other candidates made similar claims after polls closed on October 25, including opposition candidate Moïse Jean-Charles, who came in third in preliminary results with some 14.3 percent of the vote.

With only about 1.5 million out of Haiti’s 5.8 million registered voters casting ballots, the disproportionate number of electoral monitors raises concerns. The CEP passed out approximately 916,000 voter passes to political party monitors after there were not enough of them during the tumultuous first round of legislative elections on August 9. While electoral workers check identification of voters at polling centers where they’re registered to participate, monitors can cast ballots wherever they are, reports the Center for Economic and Policy Research. Monitors’ votes were either sold or used to cast ballots multiple times. As such, the CEP invalidated 120,066 ballots and both Jean-Charles and Célestin have called for an independent commission to look into cases of ballot stuffing.

Others have called for the removal of Moïse, Martelly’s handpicked candidate, from the race. A political newcomer, Moïse is a businessman who runs Haiti’s first agricultural free zone, Agritrans.