Main menu

A Guide to 2019 Latin American Elections: Bolivia



After weeks of protests and turmoil sparked by a controversial October 20 vote that gave him a fourth term in office, Evo Morales resigned on November 10. Morales, Latin America’s longest continuously serving president, had overcome legal obstacles to get on the ballot in 2019 and run for a fourth, five-year term on the Movement toward Socialism ticket. This year, he was challenged by Carlos Mesa, a former journalist and historian who served as president from 2003 to 2005. After preliminary results indicated a runoff would take place, a complete count was delayed and, when resumed, showed Morales with enough support to secure an outright first-round win. The results led to nationwide protests that only intensified until Morales’ resignation.

Voters also elected 130 deputies and 36 senators to the 2020–2025 legislative session.

>> Find out about other elections in our main 2019 Election Guide.

Bolivia Is Still Stuck on Evo Morales

February 14, 2020

Fear, vendettas, and intrigue risk driving Bolivia’s presidential race more than the country’s everyday problems.

Jeanine Áñez. (AP)

Explainer: Presidential Candidates in Bolivia's 2020 Special Elections

February 06, 2020

As Bolivia heads into a special election on May 3, here is a look at the key players and the role they played in Evo Morales’ downfall.

An Aymaran man holds the Wiphala flag. (AP)

Q&A: The View from the Streets in Bolivia

November 15, 2019

In the wake of Evo Morales’ resignation, AS/COA Online’s Holly K. Sonneland talks with two experts about events on the ground.

Q&A: Eric Farnsworth Talks Bolivia on CNN's The Brief with Bianca Nobilo

November 12, 2019

"Had [Evo Morales] left before this whole anti-constitutional effort to maintain power, his legacy would’ve been totally different," the AS/COA vice president said in this interview.

Evo Morales resigned November 10.

Timeline: Evo Morales Resigns from the Bolivian Presidency

November 10, 2019

Latin America’s longest continuously serving president stepped down November 10. AS/COA Online tracks events from election day through Morales’ resignation.

Bolivian President Evo Morales on October 20. (AP Images)

After Controversial Vote Count, Bolivia's Evo Morales Claims Victory

October 25, 2019

Days after the October 20 election and a delay in the final tally, counts gave Morales what he needs to avoid a runoff. But the controversy’s not over yet.

Bolivian election ballot

Is Bolivia on the Verge of a Historic Runoff Election?

October 21, 2019

Carlos Mesa outperformed polls, indicating a likely runoff against Evo Morales. But official results are stalled.

Bolivia poll tracker

Poll Tracker: Bolivia's 2019 Presidential Race

October 18, 2019

The courts ruled that Evo Morales can run for a fourth consecutive term. Do Bolivians want him to?

Evo Morales (AP)

Is Bolivia's Evo Morales Poised to Win a Fourth Term?

October 16, 2019

Based on polls, it's possible that Evo Morales's party will lose the two-thirds majority in Congress but retain a slim absolute majority in both houses, writes AS/COA's Holly Sonneland in this Q&A.

Morales or Mesa? Either Way, Bolivia Faces Tough Questions.

October 09, 2019

Uncertainty at the polls and over the economy mark Bolivia’s Oct. 20 presidential elections.

Carlos Mesa’s Uphill Effort to Defeat Evo Morales

August 26, 2019

Why Bolivia’s leading opposition candidate has lost momentum.

Meet the Candidates: Bolivia

April 11, 2019

In his controversial push for a fourth term, Evo Morales faces another former president.

Voters in Panama on Election Day. (AP)

2019 Latin American Elections: A Preview

January 09, 2019

AS/COA Online takes a look at upcoming presidential races in Argentina, Bolivia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Panama, and Uruguay.

Thanks, But Goodbye: Why Many of Evo Morales' Supporters Want Him to Move On

April 29, 2018

El Alto, Bolivia, was key to Evo Morales' rise, and thrived during his three terms in office. Why is it turning against the president as he campaigns for a fourth?